Earth Sciences

http://earthsciences.uoregon.edu/

Paul J. Wallace, Department Head
541-346-5985
541-346-4692 fax
100 Cascade Hall
1272 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon 97403-1272

 

Faculty

Ilya N. Bindeman, professor (stable isotope geochemistry, volcanology). BS, 1988, Moscow; PhD, 1998, Chicago. (2004)

Edward B. Davis, assistant professor (vertebrate paleontology). BS, 1999, Tennessee, Knoxville; PhD, 2005, California, Berkeley. (2013)

Rebecca J. Dorsey, professor (sedimentology, basin analysis). BS, 1983, Vermont; MA, 1986, PhD, 1989, Princeton. (1997)

Thomas Giachetti, assistant professor (volcanology). MS, 2006, PhD, 2010, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand. (2015)

Emilie Hooft Toomey, associate professor (marine geophysics). BSc, 1990, Trinity College, Toronto; PhD, 1997, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. (1999)

Eugene D. Humphreys, professor (seismology, regional tectonics). BS, 1974, MS, 1978, California, Riverside; PhD, 1985, California Institute of Technology. (1985)

Qusheng Jin, associate professor (biogeoscience). BS, 1994, Nanjing; MS, 1997, Chinese Academy of Sciences; PhD, 2003, Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. (2005)

A. Dana Johnston, professor (experimental petrology, geochemistry). BS, 1976, Bates; MS, 1978, PhD, 1983, Minnesota. (1986)

Leif A. Karlstrom, assistant professor (volcanology, geomorphology, fluid mechanics). BS, 2006, Oregon; PhD, 2011, California, Berkeley. (2011)

Marli B. Miller, senior instructor (structural geology). BA, 1982, Colorado College; MS, 1987, PhD, 1992, Washington (Seattle). (1997)

Mark H. Reed, professor (mineral deposits, aqueous geochemistry). BA, 1971, Carleton; MS, 1974, PhD, 1977, California, Berkeley. (1979)

Alan W. Rempel, professor (geomechanics and applied mathematics). BASc, 1991, MSc, 1995, British Columbia; PhD, 2001, Cambridge. (2004)

Gregory J. Retallack, professor (paleobotany, paleosols). BA, 1973, Macquarie; PhD, 1978, New England University, Australia. (1981)

Joshua J. Roering, professor (surface processes, geomorphology). BS, 1994, MS, 1995, Stanford; PhD, 2000, California, Berkeley. (2000)

David A. Sutherland, assistant professor (physical oceanography). BA, 2001, North Carolina, Wilmington; PhD, 2008, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. (2011)

Amanda M. Thomas, assistant professor (earthquake seismology and fault mechanics). BS, 2007, Georgia Institute of Technology; PhD, 2012, California, Berkeley. (2015)

Douglas R. Toomey, professor (seismology, tectonics, midocean ridges). BS, 1981, Pennsylvania State; PhD, 1987, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. (1990)

Paul J. Wallace, professor (igneous petrology, volcanology, geochemistry). BS, 1986, George Washington University; PhD, 1991, California, Berkeley. (2001)

James M. Watkins, assistant professor (experimental petrology, geochemistry, volcanology). BS, 2005, Wisconsin, Eau Claire; PhD, 2010, Cailfornia, Berkeley. (2012)

Ray J. Weldon, professor (neotectonics, structural and quaternary geology). BA, 1977, Pomona; PhD, 1986, California Institute of Technology. (1987)

Courtesy

Katharine V. Cashman, courtesy professor (volcanology, igneous petrology, crystallization kinetics). BA, 1976, Middlebury; MS, 1979, Victoria, New Zealand; PhD, 1987, Johns Hopkins. (1991)

David Krinsley, courtesy professor (electron microscopy). PhB, 1948, SB, 1950, SM, 1950, PhD, 1956, Chicago. (1991)

John M. Logan, courtesy professor (rock mechanics). BS, 1956, Michigan State; MS, 1962, PhD, 1965, Oklahoma. (1997)

Special Staff

John Donovan, research assistant (electron beam microanalysis). (2001)

Dennis K. Fletcher, research assistant. BS, 1996, Oregon. (2006)

James Palandri, research associate. PhD, 2000, Oregon. (2001)

Emeriti

Sam Boggs, professor emeritus. BS, 1956, Kentucky; PhD, 1964, Colorado. (1965)

M. Allan Kays, professor emeritus. BA, 1956, Southern Illinois; MA, 1958, PhD, 1960, Washington (St. Louis). (1961)

Alexander R. McBirney, professor emeritus. BS, 1946, United States Military Academy, West Point; PhD, 1961, California, Berkeley. (1965)

William N. Orr, professor emeritus. BS, 1961, Oklahoma; MA, 1963, California, Riverside and Los Angeles; PhD, 1967, Michigan State. (1967)

Jack M. Rice, professor emeritus. AB, 1970, Dartmouth; MS, 1972, PhD, 1975, Washington (Seattle). (1977)

Norman M. Savage, professor emeritus. BSc, 1959, Bristol; PhD, 1968, Sydney. (1971)

Harve S. Waff, professor emeritus. BS, 1962, William and Mary; MS, 1966, PhD, 1970, Oregon. (1978)

Daniel Weill, professor emeritus. BA, 1956, Cornell; MS, 1958, Illinois; PhD, 1962, California, Berkeley. (2002)

The date in parentheses at the end of each entry is the first year on the University of Oregon faculty.

Undergraduate Studies

The undergraduate program in the Department of Earth Sciences provides an understanding of the materials that constitute the earth and the processes that have shaped the earth from deep in its interior to the surface environment—geology. Geology applies all the basic sciences—biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics—to understanding earth processes in the historical context of geologic time. It is a science that explores problems by combining field investigations with laboratory experiments and theoretical studies.

Geology also addresses many natural hazards—earthquakes, flooding, and volcanic eruptions—that affect humans. It addresses the impact of humans on the earth’s surface environment, where we pollute rivers and ground water, cause rapid erosion and landslides, or attempt to re-engineer rivers and shorelines.

Preparation

High school students planning to major in geological sciences should include in their high school program as much mathematics and science (physics, chemistry, biology, or earth science) as possible.

Students who transfer to the department after two years of college work elsewhere should have completed a year of general chemistry, a year of general physics, and two quarters or a semester of calculus. A year of general geology with laboratory is recommended.

Careers

Students with a degree in earth sciences are qualified for employment in a broad range of careers: geotechnical and environmental consultants; K–12 school teachers (with an additional teaching certificate); laboratory technicians; professional geologists, geophysicists, or geochemists; and positions in the petroleum and mining industries or in state and federal agencies such as the United States Geological Survey or the Environmental Protection Agency. The current climate for employment in the earth sciences is good. Geoscience jobs require skills in critical thinking and problem solving, quantitative analysis, oral and written communication, and team work. The Department of Earth Sciences curriculum emphasizes these skills.

Geological Sciences Curriculum

The Department of Earth Sciences offers a bachelor of science (BS) or a bachelor of arts (BA) degree with a major in earth sciences.

Major Tracks

Earth science is an unusually broad subject. It addresses everything from the chemical processes that make rocks and minerals to the physics behind plate tectonics and the travel of earthquake waves through the planet. It explores the history of the evolution of life revealed in fossils, and it probes the earth processes that affect how humans can survive on the surface of the planet. To address this breadth, the department offers four curricular tracks for a major in earth sciences: geology, geophysics, environmental geoscience, and paleontology.

All of the tracks require a common core of general chemistry, calculus, general geology, and physics, except that paleontology- and environmental geoscience–track students may take two terms of biology in place of two terms of physics. Beyond the core, each track requires certain additional courses and a selection of electives.

Undergraduate Research

As many as 4 credits of research can be counted toward electives in any of the tracks. To receive such credit, students must

  • submit a short letter, approved by the faculty research advisor and addressed to the head undergraduate advisor in earth sciences, stating the nature of the research and asserting that there is faculty supervision
  • submit a final written report to the faculty advisor describing the results of the research

Students may earn credit in this category by registering for any of the following:

GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]1-6
GEOL 408Laboratory Projects: [Topic]1-6

Students who complete an honors thesis may not apply this option toward elective credits.

Grade Options and Standards

Undergraduate majors must take for letter grades (the pass/no pass option is not acceptable) all the courses required in their degree program. Required courses must be completed with grades of C– or better. Exceptions for honors students are noted under Honors in Earth Sciences.

Bachelor of Arts: Geology Track

Core Courses
GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201–202General Physics8
or PHYS 251
PHYS 252
Foundations of Physics I
and Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
One from the following:4
General Chemistry III
Honors General Chemistry
General Physics
Foundations of Physics I
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 331Mineralogy5
GEOL 332Introduction to Petrology5
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350
GEOL 351
GEOL 352
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Problems
and Structural Geology Laboratory and Field
5
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]12
Electives
See Electives table for choices20
Total Credits106
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Biology
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 331Organic Chemistry I4
CH 335Organic Chemistry II4
CH 336Organic Chemistry III4
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 485–486Remote Sensing I-II8
GEOG 491Advanced Geographic Information Systems4
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] (Current Topics in Geology) 13
Courses higher than 410 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420Ordinary Differential Equations4
MATH 421–422Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 203General Physics4
or PHYS 253 Foundations of Physics I
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
1

Pass/no pass

2

May include one course numbered 304–310.

Bachelor of Science: Geology Track

Core Courses
GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201–202General Physics8
or PHYS 251
PHYS 252
Foundations of Physics I
and Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
One from the following:4
General Chemistry III
Honors General Chemistry
General Physics
Foundations of Physics I
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 331Mineralogy5
GEOL 332Introduction to Petrology5
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350
GEOL 351
GEOL 352
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Problems
and Structural Geology Laboratory and Field
5
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]12
Electives
See Electives table for choices20
Total Credits106
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Biology
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 331Organic Chemistry I4
CH 335Organic Chemistry II4
CH 336Organic Chemistry III4
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 485–486Remote Sensing I-II8
GEOG 491Advanced Geographic Information Systems4
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] (Current Topics in Geology) 13
Courses higher than 410 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420Ordinary Differential Equations4
MATH 421–422Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 203General Physics4
or PHYS 253 Foundations of Physics I
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
1

Pass/no pass

2

May include one course numbered 304–310.

Bachelor of Arts: Geophysics Track

GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 251–253Calculus I-III12
PHYS 251–253Foundations of Physics I12
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 311Earth Materials5-10
or GEOL 331
GEOL 332
Mineralogy
and Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 455Mechanical Earth4
MATH 281–282
MATH 256
Several-Variable Calculus I-II
and Introduction to Differential Equations
12
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
or PHYS 411–413 Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism
Electives
See Electives table for choices16
Total Credits104-109
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 411Physical Chemistry4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350Structural Geology3
GEOL 351Structural Geology Problems1
GEOL 352Structural Geology Laboratory and Field1
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] (Current Topics in Geology) 11-5
Courses numbered 408 or higher
Mathematics
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
or MATH 421–422 Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II
1

Pass/no pass

Bachelor of Science: Geophysics Track

GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 251–253Calculus I-III12
PHYS 251–253Foundations of Physics I12
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 311Earth Materials5-10
or GEOL 331
GEOL 332
Mineralogy
and Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 455Mechanical Earth4
MATH 281–282
MATH 256
Several-Variable Calculus I-II
and Introduction to Differential Equations
12
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
or PHYS 411–413 Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism
Electives
See Electives table for choices16
Total Credits104-109
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 411Physical Chemistry4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350Structural Geology3
GEOL 351Structural Geology Problems1
GEOL 352Structural Geology Laboratory and Field1
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] (Current Topics in Geology) 11-5
Courses numbered 408 or higher
Mathematics
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
or MATH 421–422 Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II
1

Pass/no pass

Bachelor of Arts: Environmental Geoscience Track

Core Courses
GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201General Physics4
or PHYS 251 Foundations of Physics I
PHYS 202General Physics4
or PHYS 252 Foundations of Physics I
or BI 211 General Biology I: Cells
Select one of the following:4
General Physics
General Biology II: Organisms
General Biology III: Populations
General Chemistry III
Honors General Chemistry
Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
Select two of the following:10
Earth Materials
Mineralogy
Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 310Earth Resources and the Environment4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
BI 370Ecology4
or GEOL 451 Hydrogeology
Electives
See Electives table for choices24
Total Credits109

Electives

Biology
BI 212General Biology II: Organisms4
BI 213General Biology III: Populations4
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 485–486Remote Sensing I-II8
GEOG 491Advanced Geographic Information Systems4
GEOG 493Advanced Cartography4
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350Structural Geology3
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
Courses numbered 411 and higher 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420Ordinary Differential Equations4
MATH 421–422Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 203General Physics4
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 253Foundations of Physics I4
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
Engineering
Oregon State University engineering courses, by permission of a departmental advisor
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

2

May include courses numbered 304-310.

Bachelor of Science: Environmental Geoscience Track

Core Courses
GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201General Physics4
or PHYS 251 Foundations of Physics I
PHYS 202General Physics4
or PHYS 252 Foundations of Physics I
or BI 211 General Biology I: Cells
Select one of the following:4
General Physics
General Biology II: Organisms
General Biology III: Populations
General Chemistry III
Honors General Chemistry
Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–222General Chemistry8
or CH 224H–225H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
Select two of the following:10
Earth Materials
Mineralogy
Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 310Earth Resources and the Environment4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
BI 370Ecology4
or GEOL 451 Hydrogeology
Electives
See Electives table for choices24
Total Credits109

Electives

Biology
BI 212General Biology II: Organisms4
BI 213General Biology III: Populations4
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 226HHonors General Chemistry4
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 485–486Remote Sensing I-II8
GEOG 491Advanced Geographic Information Systems4
GEOG 493Advanced Cartography4
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350Structural Geology3
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
Courses numbered 411 and higher 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420Ordinary Differential Equations4
MATH 421–422Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I-II8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 203General Physics4
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 253Foundations of Physics I4
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
Engineering
Oregon State University engineering courses, by permission of a departmental advisor
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

2

May include courses numbered 304-310.

Bachelor of Arts: Paleontology Track

GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201General Physics4
or PHYS 251 Foundations of Physics I
Select one of the following:8
General Biology I-III
General Physics
Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–223General Chemistry12
or CH 224H–226H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
GEOL 311Earth Materials5-10
or GEOL 331
GEOL 332
Mineralogy
and Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
or GEOL 316 Introduction to Hydrogeology
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350
GEOL 351
GEOL 352
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Problems
and Structural Geology Laboratory and Field
5
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]12
Select two of the following:8
Paleontology I: Paleozoic Marine Fossils
Paleobotany
Vertebrate Paleontology
Paleopedology
Electives
See Electives table for choices16
Total Credits105-110
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Anthropology
ANTH 361Human Evolution4
ANTH 366Human Osteology Laboratory4
ANTH 466Primate Feeding and Nutrition4
ANTH 468Evolutionary Theory4
ANTH 471Zooarchaeology: [Topic]4
Biology
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 331,335–336Organic Chemistry I-III12
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] 13
Courses higher than 410 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420
MATH 421
Ordinary Differential Equations
and Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I
8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
1

Pass/no pass

2

May include one course numbered 304–310.

Bachelor of Science: Paleontology Track

GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth 1
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
PHYS 201General Physics4
or PHYS 251 Foundations of Physics I
Select one of the following:8
General Biology I-III
General Physics
Foundations of Physics I
CH 221–223General Chemistry12
or CH 224H–226H Honors General Chemistry
MATH 246–247Calculus for the Biological Sciences I-II8
or MATH 251–252 Calculus I-II
Select one of the following:4
Calculus III
Statistical Models and Methods
Statistical Methods I
Earth and Environmental Data Analysis
Design of Experiments
GEOL 311Earth Materials5-10
or GEOL 331
GEOL 332
Mineralogy
and Introduction to Petrology
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
or GEOL 316 Introduction to Hydrogeology
GEOL 318Introduction to Field Methods3
Additional Requirements
GEOL 334Sedimentology and Stratigraphy4
GEOL 350
GEOL 351
GEOL 352
Structural Geology
and Structural Geology Problems
and Structural Geology Laboratory and Field
5
GEOL 406Field Studies: [Topic]12
Select two of the following:8
Paleontology I: Paleozoic Marine Fossils
Paleobotany
Vertebrate Paleontology
Paleopedology
Electives
See Electives table for choices16
Total Credits105-110
1

The 200-level sequence is recommended for majors; however, the 100-level sequence may be substituted if the courses are passed with grades of mid-B or better.

Electives

Anthropology
ANTH 361Human Evolution4
ANTH 366Human Osteology Laboratory4
ANTH 466Primate Feeding and Nutrition4
ANTH 468Evolutionary Theory4
ANTH 471Zooarchaeology: [Topic]4
Biology
Courses numbered 306 or higher
Chemistry
CH 227–229General Chemistry Laboratory6
or CH 237–239 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory
CH 223General Chemistry III4
CH 331,335–336Organic Chemistry I-III12
CH 411–413Physical Chemistry12
CH 431–433Inorganic Chemistry12
CH 444Chemical Thermodynamics4
CH 445Statistical Mechanics4
Computer and Information Science
CIS 122Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving4
CIS 210–212Computer Science I-III12
CIS 315Intermediate Algorithms4
Geography
GEOG 181Our Digital Earth4
GEOG 321Climatology4
GEOG 322Geomorphology4
GEOG 323Biogeography4
GEOG 360Watershed Science and Policy4
GEOG 361Global Environmental Change4
GEOG 421Advanced Climatology: [Topic]4
GEOG 423Advanced Biogeography: [Topic]4
GEOG 425Hydrology and Water Resources4
GEOG 427Fluvial Geomorphology4
GEOG 430Long-Term Environmental Change4
GEOG 481–482GIScience I-II8
GEOG 495Geographic Data Analysis4
Earth Sciences
GEOL 315Earth Physics4
GEOL 316Introduction to Hydrogeology4
GEOL 353Geologic Hazards4
GEOL 363MATLAB for Earth Scientists2
GEOL 401Research: [Topic]1-21
GEOL 403Thesis1-6
GEOL 410Experimental Course: [Topic]5
GEOL 407Seminar: [Topic] 13
Courses higher than 410 2
Mathematics
MATH 256Introduction to Differential Equations4
MATH 281–282Several-Variable Calculus I-II8
MATH 341–342Elementary Linear Algebra8
MATH 411–412Functions of a Complex Variable I-II8
MATH 420
MATH 421
Ordinary Differential Equations
and Partial Differential Equations: Fourier Analysis I
8
MATH 425–426Statistical Methods I-II8
Physics
PHYS 204–206Introductory Physics Laboratory6
PHYS 290Foundations of Physics Laboratory1
PHYS 351–353Foundations of Physics II12
PHYS 411–413Mechanics, Electricity, and Magnetism12
1

Pass/no pass

2

May include one course numbered 304–310.

Honors in Earth Sciences

Application for graduation with honors in earth sciences must be made no later than spring term of the student’s junior year. To be eligible for graduation with honors, a student must

  • maintain a grade point average (GPA) of 3.50 or better in geological sciences courses or a 3.00 or better in all science courses
  • submit and orally present an acceptable honors thesis written under the supervision of a department faculty member and evaluated by a committee consisting of three faculty members including the supervisor. The thesis should be presented no later than three weeks before final examinations during the term the student plans to graduate

Honors students may register for 3 credits of Research: [Topic] (GEOL 401) the term before they intend to graduate, and 3 credits of Thesis (GEOL 403) the term of graduation. These credits may be applied toward electives.

Minor Requirements

GEOL 101
GEOL 102
GEOL 103
Earth's Dynamic Interior
and Environmental Geology and Landform Development
and The Evolving Earth
12
or GEOL 201
GEOL 202
GEOL 203
Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics
and Earth Surface and Environmental Geology
and Evolution of the Earth
Choose from the following courses: 115
Geology of National Parks
GEOL 300-499-499
Total Credits27
1

15 credits of earth sciences courses (exclusive of independent study courses) must be earned with course numbers greater than GEOL 299 (GEOL 213 is acceptable, however). No more than 8 credits may be applied to the minor from the following list: Geology of National Parks (GEOL 213), The Fossil Record (GEOL 304), Dinosaurs (GEOL 305), Volcanoes and Earthquakes (GEOL 306), Oceanography (GEOL 307), Geology of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest (GEOL 308), Earth Resources and the Environment (GEOL 310).

Undergraduate minors must take all required courses for letter grades and complete them with grades of C– or better.

Group Requirements

Fourteen earth sciences courses satisfy university science group requirements. See the Group Requirements section of this catalog under Registration and Academic Policies.

Kindergarten through Secondary Teaching Careers

Students who complete a degree with a major in earth sciences are eligible to apply to the College of Education’s fifth-year licensure program in middle-secondary teaching or the fifth-year licensure program in elementary teaching. More information is available in the College of Education section of this catalog.

Graduate Studies

The Department of Earth Sciences offers programs of graduate study leading to master of science (MS), master of arts (MA), and doctor of philosophy (PhD) degrees with opportunity for research in a wide variety of specialty fields. Course work is designed to meet individual needs, and students may pursue independent research in geobiology, geochemistry, geodesy, geomechanics, geomorphology, geophysics, mineralogy, petrology, volcanology, paleontology, stratigraphy, sedimentary petrology, structural geology, and ore deposit geology. The master’s degree program requires two years or more for completion.

Admission to the graduate program is competitive and based on academic records, scores on the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE), and letters of recommendation. Nonnative speakers of English must also submit scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the Test of Spoken English (TSE). Applications are welcome from students who are interested in using their background in related fields, such as physics, chemistry, and biology, to solve geologic or geophysical problems.

Graduate students are advised by a guidance committee consisting of three faculty members. This committee meets with each student shortly after he or she arrives on campus and as often thereafter as necessary for planning purposes.

Requirements

Basic university requirements for graduate degrees are described in the Graduate School section of this catalog. The department sets additional examination, course work, seminar, and thesis requirements. Applicants should read the Guide to Graduate Study on the department website or write to the Department of Earth Sciences for details.

Programs

Graduate study in earth sciences is offered in five broad areas:

  1. volcanology-petrology-geochemistry
  2. stratigraphy–surface processes
  3. paleontology-paleopedology-geobiology
  4. structural geology–geophysics
  5. economic geology (mineral deposits)

Volcanology-Petrology-Geochemistry

The department has excellent analytical and other research facilities for studies in these subdisciplines, and the volcanic and metamorphic terrane of the Northwest offers unsurpassed opportunities for field studies. Active research programs are diverse and include studies of eruption dynamics, magma volatile inventories, and magma rheology; experimental studies of igneous phase equilibria and trace element partitioning; calculations of multicomponent equilibria in aqueous systems and volcanic gases; and studies of igneous protogenesis.

Stratigraphy–Surface Processes

The stratigraphic record of tectonically active sedimentary basins indicates the dynamic interactions among basin subsidence, sediment input from eroding sources, evolution of depositional systems, and active faulting and folding that govern these processes. Research in this area combines field-based stratigraphic, sedimentologic, and geomorphic analysis with provenance studies and concepts derived from theoretical models to decipher the complex structural and climatic controls on the filling histories of active basins.

Surface processes regulate how tectonics and climate affect landscape evolution. Field observations, numerical simulations, topographic analyses, and experimental facilities are used to study sediment transport processes over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Projects incorporate links between active tectonics and structural geology, biology, geomechanics, and surface processes to address problems such as landsliding and hill-slope evolution, biological contributions to soil creep and landscape lowering, and the geomorphic implications of seismic-induced landsliding.

Paleontology-Paleopedology-Geobiology

Studies of fossil soils, plants, and vertebrates aim to reconstruct life on land and its role in global change. Global changes of interest include Neogene paleoclimate and paleoenvironment of ape and human evolution in East Africa, environmental effects of terminal Cretaceous impact and dinosaur extinction in Montana, consequences of mass extinction and methane clathrate degassing at the Permian-Triassic boundary, and the effect of early land plants and forests on weathering and atmospheric composition during the early Paleozoic.

Geobiology focuses on the interaction of microorganisms with the geologic environment and the ways life forms affect geological processes, such as weathering and mineralization.

Structural Geology–Geophysics

Graduate work in the structural geology–geophysics area involves the study of the earth’s dynamic processes.

Seismic imaging techniques using regional arrays provide tools for understanding regional tectonics. Studies of upper-mantle and lithospheric structure beneath the Rocky Mountains and in the Pacific Northwest subduction zone are providing essential constraints, unavailable from surface geology, for detailed dynamical models of plate-lithospheric deformation.

Structural geology focuses on applying modern field and analytical techniques to solving problems in Cenozoic tectonics and active faulting. Detailed field mapping, trench logging, and geomorphic analysis are combined with seismic array data, land- and space-based geodetic data, and theoretical modeling to address problems including Oregon’s Basin and Range province and coastal deformation, active tectonics of the San Andreas Fault system, and seismic risk along the Pacific margin of the United States and southeast and central Asia.

Geophysical experiments conducted at sea investigate the nature of sea-floor spreading including the segregation, transport, and storage of melt; the rifting of oceanic lithosphere; and the spatial and temporal connectivity between magmatic, tectonic, and hydrothermal processes.

Mineral Deposits

Current research on ore deposits includes studies of porphyry copper deposits, epithermal veins, and active geothermal systems. These projects combine field mapping, petrography, and chemical analyses with theoretical chemical modeling of processes of ore fluid generation, alteration, and mineralization.

Related Research Activities

The Condon Collection of Fossils at the Museum of Natural and Cultural History maintains strong ties to the Department of Earth Sciences. Two geology professors are curators of the collection, and paleontology undergraduate and graduate students are often employed as assistants. The Condon Collection contains 60,000 specimens, including invertebrate and vertebrate fossils, paleobotanical remains, and an extensive collection of modern animals that are available to interested researchers for study.

Research Facilities

Students may use a variety of analytical facilities and equipment including a three-component broadband (0.03–50Hz) seismic array, an electron microprobe, a scanning electron microscope with image analysis, x-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, stable isotope mass spectroscopy, and a geobiology laboratory.

An experimental petrology laboratory covers a range of crustal temperatures and pressures and includes equipment for doing experiments in controlled atmospheres. Two piston-cylinder apparatus with pressure-temperature capability to 35 kilobars and 1,500° C may be used to study crystalline, partially molten, and molten silicates under mantlelike conditions.

Computers are used for much of the research in the department including acquisition and processing of seismic and gravity data and numerical modeling of geophysical processes and geochemical reactions. A geochemistry laboratory is equipped with sophisticated computer programs for thermodynamic calculations of gas-liquid-solid equilibria and reaction processes important in metamorphic, volcanic gas, hydrothermal, and diagenetic systems. The Internet can be accessed through the UONet fiber-optic link. A student computer facility, equipped with PC and Macintosh computers and laser printers, is also connected to the networks.

The sedimentological and paleontological laboratories have, in addition to standard laboratory equipment, an electronic particle-size analyzer, an x-radiography unit, photomicroscopes, a Leitz Aristophot unit, a fully maintained catalog of foraminifera, an acid room, and a conodont-processing laboratory.

Financial Aid for Graduate Students

Most of the department’s graduate students are fully supported through teaching and research assistantships. More information about financial assistance and department policies for awarding and renewing teaching and research fellowships may be obtained by reading the Guide to Graduate Study on the department website or by writing to the department.

Courses

Course usage information

GEOL 101. Earth's Dynamic Interior. 4 Credits.

Plate tectonics, mantle flow, and magmatism. Volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain building, generation of Earth's crust; rocks and minerals; Earth's internal structure. Comparison with other planets. Laboratory, lecture.

Course usage information

GEOL 102. Environmental Geology and Landform Development. 4 Credits.

Landforms, surface processes, and interactions between humans and the environment. Weathering, erosion, sedimentation, ground water, streams, glaciers, deserts, oceans, and coastlines; geologic hazards. Laboratory, lecture. Roering.

Course usage information

GEOL 103. The Evolving Earth. 4 Credits.

History of the Earth. Geologic time, sedimentary environments; oceans, mountains, and climate through time; stratigraphic history of North America; evolution of plants and animals. Laboratory, lecture.

Course usage information

GEOL 110. People, Rocks, and Fire. 4 Credits.

Investigation of topics in geology, ecology, and anthropology relevant to contemporary global energy debates; current energy policy issues investigated through term projects.

Course usage information

GEOL 137. Mountains and Glaciers. 4 Credits.

Survey of the geological processes that both create and destroy mountain ranges around the world, and an introduction to geological science.

Course usage information

GEOL 156M. Scientific Revolutions. 4 Credits.

Surveys several major revolutions in our views of the natural and technological world, focusing on scientific concepts and methodological aspects. For nonscience majors. Multilisted with PHYS 156M.

Course usage information

GEOL 198. Laboratory Projects: [Topic]. 1-5 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 199. Special Studies: [Topic]. 6 Credits.

Repeatable. Studies of geologic topics combine background lectures with guided field trips to areas of geologic interest.

Course usage information

GEOL 201. Earth's Interior Heat and Dynamics. 4 Credits.

Processes that cause earthquakes, volcanism, mountain building, and plate tectonics. Includes Earth's origin and internal structure, rocks and minerals, gravity and magnetics. Weekly lectures, two-hour laboratory.

Course usage information

GEOL 202. Earth Surface and Environmental Geology. 4 Credits.

Earth materials, the rock record, human interactions with surface environment. Sedimentary rocks and environments, chemical and physical weathering, mineral and energy resources, hydrogeology, ground-water contamination, surface processes, human impacts. Weekly lectures, two-hour laboratory.

Course usage information

GEOL 203. Evolution of the Earth. 4 Credits.

Origin, history, and physical evolution of the Earth; geologic time scales, development of the global stratigraphic section. Weekly lectures, two-hour laboratory.
Prereq: GEOL 101 or 201.

Course usage information

GEOL 213. Geology of National Parks. 4 Credits.

Examines selected geologic features in United States national parks and the processes that form them. Focuses on parks in the western states.

Course usage information

GEOL 304. The Fossil Record. 4 Credits.

Origin of life in Precambrian; evolution of plants and invertebrate animals; evolution of early chordates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals; speciation and extinction. Intended for junior and senior nonmajors but also open to geological sciences majors.

Course usage information

GEOL 305. Dinosaurs. 4 Credits.

Overview of the past and present biodiversity of vertebrate animals, including ourselves, dinosaurs, and what ruled the ocean when dinosaurs roamed the land.

Course usage information

GEOL 306. Volcanoes and Earthquakes. 4 Credits.

Mechanisms that cause earthquakes and volcanoes, relation to plate tectonics, associated hazards, examples in Oregon and the western United States.

Course usage information

GEOL 307. Oceanography. 4 Credits.

Characteristics and physical, chemical, and biological processes of the world's oceans. Includes sections on origin of the oceans, plate tectonics, and human use and misuse of oceans.

Course usage information

GEOL 308. Geology of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. 4 Credits.

The region's geologic and tectonic history and the plate tectonic processes responsible for its evolution.

Course usage information

GEOL 310. Earth Resources and the Environment. 4 Credits.

Geology of energy, mineral, and water resources and environmental issues related to their use. Topics include fossil fuels, metals, nuclear waste disposal, and water pollution.

Course usage information

GEOL 311. Earth Materials. 5 Credits.

Chemical and mineralogical composition of rocks, sediment, and soil. Properties of common minerals; origin of rocks; microscopic study of rock textures; environmental issues.
Prereq: GEOL 101, 102 or 201, 202; coreq CH 221 or 224.

Course usage information

GEOL 315. Earth Physics. 4 Credits.

Physics of basic Earth processes; application of physics to plate tectonics and lithospheric deformation. Topics include forces, deformation, gravity, and seismology. Taught once or more per academic year.
Prereq: MATH 252, PHYS 201.

Course usage information

GEOL 316. Introduction to Hydrogeology. 4 Credits.

Examines the role of water in geologic and environmental processes. Topics include the water cycle, groundwater flow, and contaminant transport.
Pre- or coreq: MATH 252, PHYS 201.

Course usage information

GEOL 318. Introduction to Field Methods. 3 Credits.

Introduction to geologic mapping and related field skills, rock descriptions, cross sections, and structures. Lectures, laboratories, mandatory field trips.
Prereq: GEOL 101–103 or GEOL 201–203.

Course usage information

GEOL 331. Mineralogy. 5 Credits.

Crystal chemistry, systematic study of rock-forming silicate, and selected other minerals, mineral optics, and x-ray diffraction. Lab work with hand samples and petrographic microscopes.
Prereq: GEOL 201, 202 or GEOL 101, 102; coreq: CH 221 or 224.

Course usage information

GEOL 332. Introduction to Petrology. 5 Credits.

Origin and classification of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Microscopic study of rocks in thin section.
Prereq: GEOL 331.

Course usage information

GEOL 334. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 4 Credits.

Sedimentary processes; characteristic properties of sedimentary rocks and their use in interpreting depositional environments; principles of lithostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy.
Prereq: GEOL 101–103 or GEOL 201–203; pre- or coreq: GEOL 311 or 332.

Course usage information

GEOL 350. Structural Geology. 3 Credits.

Description, analysis, and origin of geologic structures including faults, folds, and tectonites. Focus on kinematic and dynamic analysis of deformation of earth materials.
Prereq: GEOL 318; GEOL 311 or 332.

Course usage information

GEOL 351. Structural Geology Problems. 1 Credit.

Exercises in solving structural geology problems using orthographic and stereographic projection techniques. Problems emphasize calculating stress and strain from structural markers.
Coreq: GEOL 350.

Course usage information

GEOL 352. Structural Geology Laboratory and Field. 1 Credit.

Collection and interpretation of field and map data for structural analysis. Includes field trips, map and cross-section generation, and some computer-based exercises.
Coreq: GEOL 350.

Course usage information

GEOL 353. Geologic Hazards. 4 Credits.

Examines geologic hazards, including both the physical processes that cause them and society's attempt to mitigate them.
Prereq: GEOL 101 or 201.

Course usage information

GEOL 363. MATLAB for Earth Scientists. 2 Credits.

Introduction to MATLAB (Matrix Laboratory) software package, providing data analysis, mathematical modeling, and computer visualization tools and techniques vital to the work of Earth scientists.
Pre- or coreq: MATH 251.

Course usage information

GEOL 399. Special Studies: [Topic]. 5 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 401. Research: [Topic]. 1-21 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 403. Thesis. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable thrice for maximum of 6 credits.
Prereq: earth sciences honors or senior thesis students only.

Course usage information

GEOL 405. Reading and Conference: [Topic]. 1-21 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 406. Field Studies: [Topic]. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 407. Seminar: [Topic]. 1-5 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 408. Laboratory Projects: [Topic]. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 409. Practicum: [Topic]. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 410. Experimental Course: [Topic]. 5 Credits.

Repeatable.

Course usage information

GEOL 414. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 4 Credits.

Advanced principles of igneous and metamorphic petrogenesis. Gibbs phase rule, phase diagrams, mineral thermodynamics; magma geochemistry and rheology; metamorphic facies, geothermometry and geobarometry. Johnston.
Prereq: GEOL 332; CH 223 or 226H.

Course usage information

GEOL 415. Field Geophysics. 4 Credits.

Introduction to geophysical methods for subsurface investigation, useful for exploration, geotechnical engineering, and characterization of subsurface groundwater and environmental conditions.
Prereq: MATH 112 or PHYS 201.

Course usage information

GEOL 418. Earth and Environmental Data Analysis. 4 Credits.

Tools-based instruction in data analysis for earth and environmental scientists. Topics include descriptive statistics, visualization, uncertainty analysis, hypothesis testing, regression, time series, and directional data.
Prereq: MATH 246 or 251.

Course usage information

GEOL 420. Geocommunication. 3 Credits.

Scientific writing and presentations for the geological sciences. Focus on writing scientific papers and proposals, preparing oral and visual presentations.

Course usage information

GEOL 425. Geology of Ore Deposits. 5 Credits.

Porphyry copper-molybdenum, epithermal, massive sulfides in volcanic rocks, and base and precious metals in sedimentary rocks. Geologic setting, alteration and ore mineral assemblages, and geochemistry of ore formation.
Prereq: CH 223; GEOL 332.

Course usage information

GEOL 431. Paleontology I: Paleozoic Marine Fossils. 4 Credits.

Biostratigraphy, evolution, and paleoecology of life on earth: Paleozoic and some Mesozoic marine invertebrates. Laboratory exercises on fossil specimens.
Prereq: GEOL 103 or 203.

Course usage information

GEOL 433. Paleobotany. 4 Credits.

Evolution and ecology of plants and microbes from the origin of life to global warming. Laboratory exercises and field trip to collect plant fossils.
Pre- or coreq: GEOL 103 or 203.

Course usage information

GEOL 434. Vertebrate Paleontology. 4 Credits.

Evolution of vertebrates, including ourselves, based on fossil evidence. Physical and other evolutionary constraints are addressed, and lab exercises provide practical experience.
Prereq: GEOL 103 or 203.

Course usage information

GEOL 435. Paleopedology. 4 Credits.

Soil formation; mapping and naming fossil soils; features of soils in hand specimens and petrographic thin sections; interpretations of ancient environments from features of fossil soils.
Prereq: GEOL 311 or 332.

Course usage information

GEOL 438. Geobiology. 4 Credits.

Studies how microorganisms interact with geological environments at scales from enzymes to global element cycles.

Course usage information

GEOL 440. Sedimentary Basin Analysis. 4 Credits.

Evolution of sedimentary basins, emphasizing tectonic controls on basin formation and filling. Interpretation of subsidence mechanisms and sedimentary processes through analysis of the stratigraphic record.
Pre- or coreq: GEOL 334, 350.

Course usage information

GEOL 441. Hillslope Geomorphology. 4 Credits.

Hillslope processes and landforms; includes hillslope hydrology, overland flow erosion, weathering and soil formation, soil creep, landslides and related hazards, glacial and periglacial processes, effects of land-use practices and fire, and landscape evolution.

Course usage information

GEOL 451. Hydrogeology. 4 Credits.

Study of the origin, motion, and physical and chemical properties of ground water. Emphasizes quantitative analysis of flow and interaction with geologic materials.
Prereq: CH 222 or CH 225H; GEOL 316.

Course usage information

GEOL 452. Neotectonics and Quaternary Geology. 4 Credits.

Interpretation of active structures from deformed quaternary sediments and surfaces using case histories. Field project uses air photos and field techniques. Repeatable once for maximum of 8 credits.
Prereq: GEOL 334, GEOL 350.

Course usage information

GEOL 453. Tectonics. 3 Credits.

Tectonic processes and examples. Global kinematics of plates and the forces that drive them. Continental deformation in compressional, shear, and extensional settings.
Prereq: GEOL 350 and calculus.

Course usage information

GEOL 455. Mechanical Earth. 4 Credits.

Introduction to continuum mechanics. Includes stress and strain, friction, elasticity, viscous fluids, constitutive laws, equations of motion, and deformation of the Earth.
Prereq: GEOL 315, PHYS 202, or equivalent; MATH 256.

Course usage information

GEOL 462. Environmental Geomechanics. 4 Credits.

Application of fluid and solid mechanics to understanding processes in the earth and environmental sciences. Offered alternate years.
Prereq: GEOL 455.

Course usage information

GEOL 463. Computational Earth Science. 4 Credits.

Practical techniques for scientific computing. Topics include root finding, curve fitting, interpolation, integration and differentiation, optimization, differential equations.
Prereq: MATH 253; GEOL 363 or equivalent.

Course usage information

GEOL 467. Fault Mechanics. 4 Credits.

The physics of faulting throughout the earthquake cycle. Topics include fault friction, seismic rupture, earthquake triggering, and other fault zone processes. Offered alternate years.
Prereq: GEOL 315, MATH 253.

Course usage information

GEOL 468. Introduction to Seismology. 4 Credits.

Introduction to observational, theoretical, and computational seismology. Includes review of earth structure, source representation, ray theory, and seismic wave phenomena.
Prereq: MATH 256, GEOL 455.

Course usage information

GEOL 471. Thermodynamic Geochemistry. 4 Credits.

Introduction to geologic application of classical chemical thermodynamics. Gibbs free energy and its temperature, pressure, and composition derivatives; fugacity, activity, and chemical potential. Solutions, ideal and nonideal.
Prereq: GEOL 311 or 332, CH 223, MATH 253.

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GEOL 472. Aqueous-Mineral-Gas Equilibria. 4 Credits.

Aqueous chemistry applied to natural waters (geothermal, diagenetic, continental brines). Equilibrium calculations applied to aqueous-mineral-gas systems.
Prereq: CH 223; MATH 252.

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GEOL 473. Isotope Geochemistry. 4 Credits.

Introduction to nuclear physics and isotope systematics; techniques of isotope analysis; applications of stable and radioactive isotopes in geochronology and as tracers of geological processes.

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GEOL 503. Thesis. 1-16 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 507. Seminar: [Topic]. 1-5 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 508. Laboratory Projects: [Topic]. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 510. Experimental Course: [Topic]. 5 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 514. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 4 Credits.

Advanced principles of igneous and metamorphic petrogenesis. Gibbs phase rule, phase diagrams, mineral thermodynamics; magma geochemistry and rheology; metamorphic facies, geothermometry and geobarometry. Johnston.

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GEOL 515. Field Geophysics. 4 Credits.

Introduction to geophysical methods for subsurface investigation, useful for exploration, geotechnical engineering, and characterization of subsurface groundwater and environmental conditions.

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GEOL 518. Earth and Environmental Data Analysis. 4 Credits.

Tools-based instruction in data analysis for earth and environmental scientists. Topics include descriptive statistics, visualization, uncertainty analysis, hypothesis testing, regression, time series, and directional data.
Prereq: MATH 246 or 251.

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GEOL 520. Geocommunication. 3 Credits.

Scientific writing and presentations for the geological sciences. Focus on writing scientific papers and proposals, preparing oral and visual presentations.

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GEOL 525. Geology of Ore Deposits. 5 Credits.

Porphyry copper-molybdenum, epithermal, massive sulfides in volcanic rocks, and base and precious metals in sedimentary rocks. Geologic setting, alteration and ore mineral assemblages, and geochemistry of ore formation.

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GEOL 531. Paleontology I: Paleozoic Marine Fossils. 4 Credits.

Biostratigraphy, evolution, and paleoecology of life on earth: Paleozoic and some Mesozoic marine invertebrates. Laboratory exercises on fossil specimens.

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GEOL 533. Paleobotany. 4 Credits.

Evolution and ecology of plants and microbes from the origin of life to global warming. Laboratory exercises and field trip to collect plant fossils.

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GEOL 534. Vertebrate Paleontology. 4 Credits.

Evolution of vertebrates, including ourselves, based on fossil evidence. Physical and other evolutionary constraints are addressed, and lab exercises provide practical experience.

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GEOL 535. Paleopedology. 4 Credits.

Soil formation; mapping and naming fossil soils; features of soils in hand specimens and petrographic thin sections; interpretations of ancient environments from features of fossil soils.

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GEOL 538. Geobiology. 4 Credits.

Studies how microorganisms interact with geological environments at scales from enzymes to global element cycles.

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GEOL 540. Sedimentary Basin Analysis. 4 Credits.

Evolution of sedimentary basins, emphasizing tectonic controls on basin formation and filling. Interpretation of subsidence mechanisms and sedimentary processes through analysis of the stratigraphic record.

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GEOL 541. Hillslope Geomorphology. 4 Credits.

Hillslope processes and landforms; includes hillslope hydrology, overland flow erosion, weathering and soil formation, soil creep, landslides and related hazards, glacial and periglacial processes, effects of land-use practices and fire, and landscape evolution.

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GEOL 551. Hydrogeology. 4 Credits.

Study of the origin, motion, and physical and chemical properties of ground water. Emphasizes quantitative analysis of flow and interaction with geologic materials.

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GEOL 552. Neotectonics and Quaternary Geology. 4 Credits.

Interpretation of active structures from deformed quaternary sediments and surfaces using case histories. Field project uses air photos and field techniques. Repeatable once for maximum of 8 credits.

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GEOL 553. Tectonics. 3 Credits.

Tectonic processes and examples. Global kinematics of plates and the forces that drive them. Continental deformation in compressional, shear, and extensional settings.

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GEOL 555. Mechanical Earth. 4 Credits.

Introduction to continuum mechanics. Includes stress and strain, friction, elasticity, viscous fluids, constitutive laws, equations of motion, and deformation of the earth.

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GEOL 562. Environmental Geomechanics. 4 Credits.

Application of fluid and solid mechanics to understanding processes in the earth and environmental sciences. Offered alternate years.

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GEOL 563. Computational Earth Science. 4 Credits.

Practical techniques for scientific computing. Topics include root finding, curve fitting, interpolation, integration and differentiation, optimization, differential equations.

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GEOL 567. Fault Mechanics. 4 Credits.

The physics of faulting throughout the earthquake cycle. Topics include fault friction, seismic rupture, earthquake triggering, and other fault zone processes. Offered alternate years.

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GEOL 568. Introduction to Seismology. 4 Credits.

Introduction to observational, theoretical, and computational seismology. Includes review of earth structure, source representation, ray theory, and seismic wave phenomena.

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GEOL 571. Thermodynamic Geochemistry. 4 Credits.

Introduction to geologic application of classical chemical thermodynamics. Gibbs free energy and its temperature, pressure, and composition derivatives; fugacity, activity, and chemical potential. Solutions, ideal and nonideal.

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GEOL 572. Aqueous-Mineral-Gas Equilibria. 4 Credits.

Aqueous chemistry applied to natural waters (geothermal, diagenetic, continental brines). Equilibrium calculations applied to aqueous-mineral-gas systems.
Prereq: CH 223; MATH 252.

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GEOL 573. Isotope Geochemistry. 4 Credits.

Introduction to nuclear physics and isotope systematics; techniques of isotope analysis; applications of stable and radioactive isotopes in geochronology and as tracers of geological processes.

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GEOL 601. Research: [Topic]. 1-16 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 602. Supervised College Teaching. 1-16 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 603. Dissertation. 1-16 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 605. Reading and Conference: [Topic]. 1-16 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 606. Field Studies: [Topic]. 1-6 Credits.

Repeatable. Geologic fieldwork principally in connection with graduate thesis or dissertation. Emphasis on individual problems.

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GEOL 607. Seminar: [Topic]. 1-5 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 608. Laboratory Projects: [Topic]. 1-3 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 609. Practicum: [Topic]. 1-3 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 610. Experimental Course: [Topic]. 1-5 Credits.

Repeatable.

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GEOL 620. Advanced Igneous Petrology. 3 Credits.

Ingeous rocks of the ocean basins, continental margins, and stable continental interior including basalts, calcalkaline series, and granites. Content varies according to research interests.
Prereq: GEOL 414/514, 471/571 or equivalent.

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GEOL 692. Volcanology. 3 Credits.

Products and processes of volcanism, origin of magmas, eruptive mechanisms, and relation of volcanism to orogeny and tectonic processes.